There are a number of dataset currently integrated in the BCCVL. These datasets can be used in conjunction with species occurrence records to describe the conditions of a location a species was observed. This is a critical component for species distribution models in current and future climate forecasts (refer here for our support page with more information on the types of data needed for species distribution models). These datasets are collated from international research groups and each focus on different locations, have different spatial resolutions, are collected across a number of years, incorporate various layers and have different future climate projections. 

When selecting which dataset is important for your species distribution model, it is useful to check the dataset variables beforehand. Here we list these different variables for all the datasets in the BCCVL. For more detailed information about each dataset, please refer to the specific dataset information on our support pages or click the ‘Info’ button associated with that dataset in our Data Portal.   

Datasets in the BCCVL are always being updated, so check back here for new information.

Current Climate Datasets

Current climate datasets are those that include climate data collected historically or in recent years. There are currently 9 dataset collections included in the BCCVL that include current climate variables. Of these, three include global climate data, three include national Australian climate data, and three are more regionally specific. These datasets range in year, with the earliest being from 1921, through to 2010. Datasets include a large variety of variables such as temperature, precipitation, evaporation and annual growth indicies. The resolution of these variables ranges from 250m up to 50km across these datasets. 


Name
Geographic extent
Resolution
Year range
Layers
Data provider
ACCUClim
Wet Tropics Australia
9 arcsec (~250 m)
1950-2015: 8 datasets with 30 year averages
B01-07
Storlie et al. 2013, JCU
ANUClim

Australia

30 arcsec (~1 km)

1976-2005: monthly data

min temp, max temp, precipitation, vapour pres, evaporation
Hutchinson et al. 2014, ANU, via eMAST
AusClim

Australia

30 arcsec (~1 km)
1976-2005

B01-19

Jeremy VanderWal, JCU

2.5 arcmin (~5 km)
Australian Stream and Catchment Climate data
Australia

9 arcsec (~250 m)
1921-1995

Average growth index, B01, B05-6, B08-9, B11-12, B16-20, average rainfall erosivity R factor
Stein JL, Hutchinson MF, Stein JA (2014)

Climate Futures Tasmania

Tasmania

6 arcmin (~12 km)

1980-2015: long-term, projections with 6 different GCMs at 2 different emission scenarios
B01-19

Corney et al. 2010, ACE-CRC

CRUClim
Global
30 arcmin (~50 km)
1976-2005: long-term
B01-19
University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit
CliMond
Global
10 arcmin (~20 km)
1961-1990: long-term
B01-35
Kriticos et al. 2012, https://www.climond.org/
NARClim

South-East Australia

36 arcsec (~1 km)

1990-2010

B01-35

Evans et al. 2014, https://climatedata.environment.nsw.gov.au/
WorldClim

Global

2.5 arcmin (~5 km)
1950-2000: long-term

B01-19

http://www.worldclim.org/    

5 arcmin (~10 km)
10 arcmin (~20 km)
2.5 arcmin (~5 km)
1950-2000: monthly data

mean temp, min temp, max temp, precipitation

5 arcmin (~10 km)
10 arcmin (~20 km)


Future Climate Datasets

Future climate datasets are those which include forecasts about future climate scenarios based on current climate data. There are two types of future global warming scenarios, the RCPs and the SRESs. Within these, there are a number of different forecasts which relate to future emission scenarios. Note that these alone do not forecast future climate variables such as temperature or rainfall. For more information about these, check out our teaching video, or our support page here.

In addition to the RCPs and SRESs, future climate datasets may include future climate models which incorporate the RCPs or the SRESs and current climate data. These models are known as general circulation models and are used to forecast climate variables such as temperature and rainfall.  Across the world, there are 27 different research groups, who have constructed one or more general circulation models. More information about these can be found by following the link in the ‘Info’ button on the Dataset Collection.

There are currently five future climates datasets in the BCCVL. 


Name

Geographic extent
Resolution
Year range

Layers
RCP
SRES
General Circulation Model (GCM)
Data provider
AusClim

Australia

30 arcsec (~1 km)

2015, 2025, 2035, 2045, 2055, 2065, 2075, 2085

B01-19

RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP, 6.0, RCP8.5

SRESAB, SRESABRI, SRESA2, SRESB1, SRESB2
CM2.0-AOGCM, CM2.1-AOGCM, CNRM-CM3, CCSM3, CGCM3, CSRIO Mark3.0, ECHAMS/MP1-OM, FGOALS1.0g, GISS-EH, GISS-ER, HadCM3, HadGEM1, INMCM3.0, IPSL-CM4, MICRO3.2 (hires), MICRO3.2 (medres), MRI-CGCM2.3.2, Parrallel Climate Model PCM

Jeremy VanderWal, JCU

2.5 arcmin (~5 km)

Climate Futures Tasmania
Tasmania

6 arcmin (~12 km)

2020-2085 (in 5 year incriments)
B01-19

N/A

SRESA2, SRESB1
CM2.0-AOGCM, CM2.1-AOGCM, ECHAMS/MP1-OM, HadCM3, Mean of GCMs: ECHAMS, GFDL-CM2.0, GFDL-CM2, MICRO3.2_MEDRES
Corney et al. 2010, ACE-CRC
CliMond

Global

10 arcmin (~20 km)

2030, 2050, 2070, 2090, 2100
B01-35

N/A

SRESA2, SRESB1
CSRIO Mark3.0, MICRO3.2 (hires)

Kriticos et al. 2012, https://www.climond.org/
NARClim

South-East Australia
36 arcsec (~1 km)

2030, 2070

B01-35

N/A

SRESA2

CGCM3, CSRIO Mark3.0, ECHAMS/MP1-OM, MICRO3.2 (medres)

Evans et al. 2014, https://climatedata.environment.nsw.gov.au/
WorldClim

Global

2.5 arcmin (~5 km)
2050, 2070

B01-19, mean temp, min temp, max temp, prec

RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP, 6.0, RCP8.5

N/A

ACCESS1.0, BCC_CSM1.1, CCSM4, CMS2.0-AOGEM, CMS2.1-AOGEM, CMS3-AOGEM, CNRM-CMS3, CNRM-CMS5, CAM-5.1, CCSM3, CGCM3, CSRIO Mark3.0, ECHAMS/MP1-OM, FGOALS1.0g, GISS-EH, GISS-ER, GFDL Earth System Model v2.1, HadCM3, HadGEM1, HadGEM2-A, HadGEM2-CC, HadGEM2-ES, INMCM3.0, INMCM4.0, IPSL-CM4, IPSL-CM5A (lores), MPI-ESM-LR, Mean of GCMs: ECHAMS, GFDL-CM2.0, GFDL-CM2, MICRO3.2_MEDRES , MRI-CGMC3, MIROC-ESM, MIROC-ESM-CHEM, MIROC3.2 (hires), MIROC3.2 (medres), MIROC5, GISS-E2-R, MRI-CGCM2.3.2, NorESM1-M, PCM

http://www.worldclim.org/

5 arcmin (~10 km)
10 arcmin (~20 km)
2.5 arcmin (~5 km)
5 arcmin (~10 km)
10 arcmin (~20 km)

Terrestrial Datasets

Terrestrial datasets in the BCCVL report on environmental variables such as vegetation, land cover, topography and substrates. These datasets have been integrated from a number of sources across different years, resolutions and locations. Currently there are 10 dataset collections in the BCCVL, containing more than 300 datasets for environmental variables spanning across 114 years. 


Dataset Collection
Dataset Name
Resolution
Extent
Year range
Layer types
Citation and attribution
Australian Major Vegetation Groups

Australian Major Vegetation Groups (NVIS)

3" (~90m)

Australia

2016

Vegetation (present, pre-1750)

This raster product is modelled from data originally supplied by the states and territories. The department acknowledges the following departments/organisations: Environment and Planning Directorate, ACT, Office of Environment and Heritage, NSW, Department of Land Resource Management, Northern Territory, Queensland Herbarium, Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation, Department for Environment, Water and Natural Resources, South Australia, Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Tasmania, Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning, Victoria, Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, Geoscience Australia
Global PET and Aridity

Global PET and Aridity

30" (~1km)

Global

1950-2000

Aridity, PET

Zomer RJ, Trabucco A, Bossio DA, van Straaten O, Verchot LV, 2008. Climate Change Mitigation: A Spatial Analysis of Global Land Suitability for Clean Development Mechanism Afforestation and Reforestation. Agric. Ecosystems and Envir. 126: 67-80.
Zomer RJ, Bossio DA, Trabucco A, Yuanjie L, Gupta DC & Singh VP, 2007. Trees and Water: Smallholder Agroforestry on Irrigated Lands in Northern India. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute. pp 45. (IWMI Research Report 122).

Australia Land Cover

Australia, Enhanced Vegetation Index

9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2008

Maximum, Mean, Minimum Enhanced Vegetation Index

Lymburner L, Tan P., Mueller N., Thackway R., Lewis A., Thankappan M., Randall L., Islam A., and Senarath U., (2010), 250 metre Dynamic Land Cover Dataset of Australia (1st Edition), Geoscience Australia, Canberra.
Australia, Dynamic Land Cover

9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2008

Original classification, Reduced classification

Lymburner L, Tan P., Mueller N., Thackway R., Lewis A., Thankappan M., Randall L., Islam A., and Senarath U., (2010), 250 metre Dynamic Land Cover Dataset of Australia (1st Edition), Geoscience Australia, Canberra.
Australia Water Availability Project

Australia, Water Availability (1900-2010)

3' (~5km)

Australia

1900-2010

Annual Local Discharge (Runoff+Drainage) (average)
Annual Total Evaporation (Soil+Vegetation) (average)
Annual Deep Drainage (average)
Annual Potential Evaporation (average)
Annual Surface Runoff (average)
Annual Soil Evaporation (average)
Annual Total Transpiration (average)
Annual Open Water Evaporation (average)
Annual Daily Latent Heat Flux (average)
Annual Daily Sensible Heat Flux (average)
Annual Precipitation (average)
Annual Incident solar radiation (average)
Annual Daily maximum temperature (average)
Daily minimum temperature (average)
Annual Relative Soil Moisture (Upper Layer)
Annual Relative Soil Moisture (Upper Layer) at end of aggregation period
Annual Relative Soil Moisture (Lower Layer)
Annual Relative Soil Moisture (Lower Layer) at end of aggregation period
Annual Local Discharge (Runoff+Drainage) (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Total Evaporation (Soil+Vegetation) (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Deep Drainage (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Potential Evaporation (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Surface Runoff (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Soil Evaporation (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Total Transpiration (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Open Water Evaporation (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Daily Latent Heat Flux (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Daily Sensible Heat Flux (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Relative Precipitation (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Incident solar radiation (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Daily maximum temperature (Percentile Rank Data)
Daily minimum temperature (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Relative Soil Moisture (Upper Layer) (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Relative Soil Moisture (Upper Layer) at end of aggregation period (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Relative Soil Moisture (Lower Layer) (Percentile Rank Data)
Annual Relative Soil Moisture (Lower Layer) at end of aggregation period (Percentile Rank Data)

Raupach MR, PR Briggs, V Haverd, EA King, M Paget, CM Trudinger (2009), Australian Water Availability Project (AWAP): CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Component: Final Report for Phase 3. CAWCR Technical Report No. 013. 67 pp.
Raupach MR, PR Briggs, V Haverd, EA King, M Paget, CM Trudinger (2012), Australian Water Availability Project. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Canberra, Australia. . Date of access.

Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation

Australia, MODIS-fPAR time series (2000-2014)

9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2014

Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Coefficient of Variance)
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Max)
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Mean)
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Min)

Credit: Mackey, Brendan., Berry, Sandy., Porfirio, Luciana., Hugh, Sonia.

Australia, MODIS-fPAR time series (1999-2015) Growing Year (Average, Minimum, Maximum)
9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2014

Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Max)
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Mean)
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Min)

Credit: Mackey, Brendan., Berry, Sandy., Porfirio, Luciana., Hugh, Sonia.

Australia, MODIS-fPAR time series (1999-2015) Calendar Year (Average, Minimum, Maxiumum)
9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2014

Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Max)
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Mean)
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Min)

Credit: Mackey, Brendan., Berry, Sandy., Porfirio, Luciana., Hugh, Sonia.

Australia, MODIS-fPAR time series Jan-Dec (Long-term Monthly Average, Minimum, Maximum)
9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2014

Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Max)
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Mean)
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (Min)

Credit: Mackey, Brendan., Berry, Sandy., Porfirio, Luciana., Hugh, Sonia.

Australia, MODIS-fPAR time series Jan-Dec (2000-2014)
9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2014

Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) (each month)

Credit: Mackey, Brendan., Berry, Sandy., Porfirio, Luciana., Hugh, Sonia.

Gross Primary Product

Australia, Gross Primary Productivity (2000-2007) (coefficient of variation)
9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2007

Coefficient of Variance

 

Australia, Gross Primary Productivity (2000-2007) (min, max & mean)
9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2007

Maximum Gross Primary Productivity (GPP)
Mean Gross Primary Productivity (GPP)
Minimum Gross Primary Productivity (GPP)

 

Australia, Gross Primary Productivity for 2000-2007 (annual mean)
9" (~250m)

Australia

2000-2007

Annual mean Gross Primary Productivity (GPP)

 

Multi-resolution Ridge Top Flatness

Australia, Multi-resolution Ridge Top Flatness
3" (~90m)

Australia

2000

Multi-resolution Ridge Top Flatness

John Gallant; Trevor Dowling; Jenet Austin (2013): Multi-resolution Ridge Top Flatness (MrRTF, 3" resolution). v1. CSIRO. Data Collection. 10.4225/08/512EEA6332EEB
Multi-resolution Valley Bottom Flatness

Australia, Multi-resolution Valley Bottom Flatness
3" (~90m)

Australia

2000

Multi-resolution Valley Bottom Flatness

John Gallant; Trevor Dowling; Jenet Austin (2012): Multi-resolution Valley Bottom Flatness (MrVBF, 3" resolution). v2. CSIRO. Data Collection. 10.4225/08/512EF27AC3888
National Scale Vegetation Assets

Australia, Vegetation Assets, States and Transitions (VAST)
30" (~1km)

Australia

2008

National Scale Vegetation Assets, States and Transitions (VAST Version 2) - 2008

Lesslie, R and Thackway, R and Smith, J 2010, A national-level Vegetation Assets, States and Transitions (VAST) dataset for Australia (version 2), Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.
National Soil Grids Australia

Australia, National Soil Grids (2012)

9" (~250m)

Australia

2012

Australian Soil Classification
Bulk density 0-30 cm
Clay content percentage 0-30 cm
Plant available water capacity 0-1 m
pH (Calcium Chloride 1:5) 0-30cm

National soil data provided by the Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program ACLEP, endorsed through the National Committee on Soil and Terrain NCST (www.clw.csiro.au/aclep).


Freshwater Datasets

There are currently 14 datasets in the BCCVL reporting on freshwater environments in Australia. These datasets belong to a larger collection 'Australian Stream and Catchment Environmental Data', developed by the Australian National University in 2011. The datasets report on natural and anthropogenic characteristics of stream and catchments environments. In the BCCVL these datasets are found under the 'Freshwater datasets' domain and in the 'Environmental' Scientific Type.


Dataset Name

Resolution

Extent

Number of layers

Layers

Data provider

Freshwater Stream Data, Vegetation

9" (~250m)

Australia

12

Percentage extant bare
Percentage extant forests cover
Percentage extant grasses cover
Percentage natural forests cover
Percentage natural grasses cover
Percentage natural vegetation cover with no data values
Percentage natural shrub cover
Percentage natural bare
Percentage natural woodland cover
Percentage extant vegetation cover with no data values
Percentage extant shrub coverPercentage extant woodland cover

Stein JL, Hutchinson MF, Stein JA (2014) A new stream and nested catchment framework for Australia. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(5), 1917-1933.

Publication: http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/18/1917/2014/hess-18-1917-2014.pdf

Data source: https://data.gov.au/dataset/national-environmental-stream-attributes-v1-1-5

Freshwater Stream Data, Terrain

9" (~250m)

Australia

11

Indicator of valley confinement
Average slope of downstream flow path
Maximum slope in downstream flow path
Local aspect
Distance to outlet
Maximum segment elevation
Mean segment elevation
Minimum segment elevation
Stream segment slope
Distance to source
Strahler stream order

Freshwater Stream Data, Land Use

9" (~250m)

Australia

13

Percentage used for intensive animal production
Percentage used for aquaculture
Percentage artifical impoundment
Percentage where fertilzer is likely to be used
Percentage used for forestry
Percentage used for irrigation supply/drainage
Percentage irrigated land
Percentage used for mining
Percentage modified land (i.e. not conservation)
Percentage where herbicides/pesticides are likely to be used
Percentage used for intensive plant production
Percentage road
Percentage urban

Freshwater Stream Data, Population

9" (~250m)

Australia

4

Percentage with population density greater than 1 person/km2
Percentage with population density greater than 10 persons/km2
Maximum population density
Average population density

Freshwater Stream Data, Network

9" (~250m)

Australia

15

Segment sub-catchment lake area
Segment lakes density
Stream and valley lake proportion
Segment sub-catchment springs frequency
Segment springs density
Stream and valley springs proportion
Stream density
Stream segment length
Segment sub-catchment area of large streams
Segment large streams density
Stream and valley large streams proportion
Segment sub-catchment waterholes frequency
Segment waterholes density
Stream and valley waterholes proportion
"Wateryness" Indicator

Freshwater Stream Data, Substrate

9" (~250m)

Australia

12

Percentage of carbonate sedimentary rocks
Average percent clay in the soil A horizon
Average percent clay in the soil B horizon
Percentage of igneous rocks
Percentage of metamorphic rocks
Percentage of mixed sedimentary and igneous rocks
Percentage of old bedrock
Percentage of other sedimentary rocks
Average percent sand in the soil A horizon
Average Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity
Percentage of siliciclastic/undifferentiated sedimentary rocks
Percentage of unconsolidated rocks

Freshwater Stream Data, Connectivity

9" (~250m)

Australia

16

Percentage barrier free flow path length for damwalls, spillways or large dams
Percentage barrier free flow path length
Percentage barrier free flow path length for reservoirs
Artificial barrier presence downstream
Artificial barrier presence up or downstream
Artificial barrier presence upstream
Cliff presence upstream
Cliff presence downstream
Maximum barrier free flow path length upstream (damwalls, spillways or large dams)
Maximum barrier free flow path length upstream (reservoirs)
Total catchment length
Unrestricted (no damwalls, spillways or large dams) distance downstream
Unrestricted (no reservoirs) distance downstream
Waterfall presence downstream
Waterfall presence up or downstream
Waterfall presence upstream

Freshwater Data, River Disturbance

9" (~250m)

Australia

27

Catchment Disturbance Index
Sub-catchments - Point source factor (maximum of all data)
Flow Regime Disturbance Index
Sub-catchments - Point source factor (only Geodata)
Streams - Flow diversions factor (only Geodata)
Streams - Impoundments factor (only Geodata)
Sub-catchments - Infrastructure factor (only Geodata)
Sub-catchments - Settlement factor (only Geodata)
Sub-catchments - Land use factor
Streams - Levee bank factor
Streams - Flow diversions factor (maximum of all data)
Streams - Impoundments factor (maximum of all data)
Sub-catchments - Infrastructure factor (maximum of all data)
Sub-catchments - Settlement factor (maximum of all data)
Streams - Flow diversions factor (only NWI data)
Sub-catchments - Point source factor (only NWI data)
Streams - Impoundments factor (only NWI data)
Sub-catchments - Infrastructure factor (only NWI data)
Sub-catchments - Settlement factor (only NWI data)
Sub-catchments - Settlement factor (other data)
River Disturbance Index
Sub-catchments - Point source factor (other data)
Streams - Flow diversions factor (other data)
Sub-catchments - Infrastructure factor (other data)
Streams - Impoundments factor (other data)
Segment Flow Regime Disturbance Index
Sub-catchment Disturbance Index

Freshwater Catchment Data, Net Primary Productivity

9" (~250m)

Australia

13

Annual mean Net Primary Productivity
01 - January mean Net Primary Productivity
02 - February mean Net Primary Productivity
03 - March mean Net Primary Productivity
04 - April mean Net Primary Productivity
05 - May mean Net Primary Productivity
06 - June mean Net Primary Productivity
07 - July mean Net Primary Productivity
08 - August mean Net Primary Productivity
09 - September mean Net Primary Productivity
10 - October mean Net Primary Productivity
11 - November mean Net Primary Productivity
12 - December mean Net Primary Productivity

Freshwater Catchment Data, Vegetation

9" (~250m)

Australia

11

Percentage extant bare
Percentage extant forests cover
Percentage extant grasses cover
Percentage natural forests cover
Percentage natural grasses cover
Percentage natural vegetation cover with no data values
Percentage natural shrub cover
Percentage natural bare
Percentage natural woodland cover
Percentage extant vegetation cover with no data values
Percentage extant shrub coverPercentage extant woodland cover

Freshwater Catchment Data, Terrain

9" (~250m)

Australia

11

Indicator of valley confinement
Average slope of downstream flow path
Maximum slope in downstream flow path
Local aspect
Distance to outlet
Maximum segment elevation
Mean segment elevation
Minimum segment elevation
Stream segment slope
Distance to source
Strahler stream order

Freshwater Catchment Data, Population

9" (~250m)

Australia

4

Percentage with population density greater than 1 person/km2
Percentage with population density greater than 10 persons/km2
Maximum population density
Average population density

Freshwater Catchment Data, Land Use

9" (~250m)

Australia

13

Percentage used for intensive animal production
Percentage used for aquaculture
Percentage artifical impoundment
Percentage where fertilzer is likely to be used
Percentage used for forestry
Percentage used for irrigation supply/drainage
Percentage irrigated land
Percentage used for mining
Percentage modified land (i.e. not conservation)
Percentage where herbicides/pesticides are likely to be used
Percentage used for intensive plant production
Percentage road
Percentage urban

Freshwater Catchment Data, Substrate

9" (~250m)

Australia

12

Percentage of carbonate sedimentary rocks
Average percent clay in the soil A horizon
Average percent clay in the soil B horizon
Percentage of igneous rocks
Percentage of metamorphic rocks
Percentage of mixed sedimentary and igneous rocks
Percentage of old bedrock
Percentage of other sedimentary rocks
Average percent sand in the soil A horizon
Average Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity
Percentage of siliciclastic/undifferentiated sedimentary rocks
Percentage of unconsolidated rocks


Marine Datasets

Marine datasets currently integrated in the BCCVL represent global datasets reporting on bathymetry, surface data such as water temperature, water salinity, nutrients and biochemical components such as pH. These datasets come from two data collections (MARSPEC and Bio-ORACLE), and have been collected between 1995 and 2014.


Dataset Name
Collection
Resolution
Extent
Year range
Layer types
Citation and attribution
Global Marine Data, Bathymetry

MARSPEC

5 arcmin (~10 km)
Global

1995-2010

Depth

Sbrocco, E. J. and Barber, P. H. (2013) MARSPEC: Ocean climate layers for marine spatial ecology. Ecology 94:979. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-1358.1
Global Marine Surface Data, Cloud Cover

Bio-ORACLE

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

2000-2014

Maximum Cloud Cover
Mean Cloud Cover
Minimum Cloud Cover

Tyberghein L., Verbruggen H., Pauly K., Troupin C., Mineur F., De Clerck O. (2012) Bio-ORACLE: A global environmental dataset for marine species distribution modelling. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21, 272–281.
Assis J., Tyberghein L., Bosh S., Verbruggen H., Serrão E. A., De Clerck O. (2017) Bio-ORACLE v2.0: Extending marine data layers for bioclimatic modelling. Global Ecology and Biogeography. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12693

Global Marine Surface Data, Diffuse Attenuation

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Maximum Diffuse Attenuation
Mean Diffuse Attenuation
Minimum Diffuse Attenuation

Global Marine Surface Data, Sea Ice Concentration

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum sea ice concentration
Long term average of minimum sea ice concentration
Maximum Sea Ice Concentration
Mean Sea Ice Concentration
Minimum Sea Ice Concentration
Range of Sea Ice Concentration

Global Marine Surface Data, Ice Thickness

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum ice thickness
Long term average of minimum ice thickness
Maximum Ice Thickness
Mean Ice Thickness
Minimum Ice Thickness
Range of Ice Thickness

Global Marine Surface Data, Currents Velocity

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum currents velocity
Long term average of minimum currents velocity
Maximum Currents Velocity
Mean Currents Velocity
Minimum Currents Velocity
Range of Currents Velocity

Global Marine Surface Data, Water Salinity

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Maximum Water Salinity of Saltiest Month
Minimum Water Salinity of Freshest Month
Maximum Water Salinity
Mean Water Salinity
Minimum Water Salinity
Range of Water Salinity

Global Marine Surface Data, Water Temperature

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Maximum Water Temperature of Warmest Month
Minimum Water Temperature of Coldest Month
Maximum Water Temperature
Mean Water Temperature
Minimum Water Temperature
Range of Water Temperature

Global Marine Surface Data, Iron

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum iron concentration
Long term average of minimum iron concentration
Maximum Iron Concentration
Mean Iron Concentration
Minimum Iron Concentration
Range of Iron Concentration

Global Marine Surface Data, Calcite

5 arcmin (~10 km)
Global

Mean Calcite Concentration

Global Marine Surface Data, Dissolved Molecular Oxygen

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum oxygen concentration
Long term average of minimum oxygen concentration
Maximum Oxygen Concentration
Mean Oxygen Concentration
Minimum Oxygen Concentration
Range of Oxygen Concentration

Global Marine Surface Data, Silicate

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum silicate concentration
Long term average of minimum silicate concentration
Maximum Silicate Concentration
Mean Silicate Concentration
Minimum Silicate Concentration
Range of Silicate Concentration

Global Marine Surface Data, Phosphate

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum phosphate concentration
Long term average of minimum phosphate concentration
Maximum Phosphate Concentration
Mean Phosphate Concentration
Minimum Phosphate Concentration
Range of Phosphate Concentration

Global Marine Surface Data, Nitrate

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum nitrate concentration
Long term average of minimum nitrate concentration
Maximum Nitrate Concentration
Mean Nitrate Concentration
Minimum Nitrate Concentration
Range of Nitrate Concentration

Global Marine Surface Data, Primary Productivity

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum primary productivity
Long term average of minimum primary productivity
Maximum Primary Productivity
Mean Primary Productivity
Minimum Primary Productivity
Range of Primary Productivity

Global Marine Surface Data, Photosynthetic Available Radiation
5 arcmin (~10 km)
Global

Maximum Photosynthetically Available Radiation
Mean Photosynthetically Available Radiation

Global Marine Surface Data, pH

5 arcmin (~10 km)
Global

Mean pH

Global Marine Surface Data, Phytoplankton

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum phytoplankton concentration
Long term average of minimum phytoplankton concentration
Maximum Phytoplankton Concentration
Mean Phytoplankton Concentration
Minimum Phytoplankton Concentration
Range of Phytoplankton Concentration

Global Marine Surface Data, Chlorophyll

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

Long term average of maximum chlorophyll A concentration
Long term average of minimum chlorophyll A concentration
Maximum Chlorophyll A Concentration
Mean Chlorophyll A Concentration
Minimum Chlorophyll A Concentration
Range of Chlorophyll A Concentration

Global Marine Surface Data, 2090-2100, RCP8.5

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

2090-2100

Long term average of maximum currents velocity
Long term average of minimum currents velocity
Maximum Currents Velocity
Mean Currents Velocity
Minimum Currents Velocity
Range of Currents Velocity
Long term average of maximum ice thickness
Long term average of minimum ice thickness
Maximum Ice Thickness
Mean Ice Thickness
Minimum Ice Thickness
Range of Ice Thickness
Maximum Water Salinity of Saltiest Month
Minimum Water Salinity of Freshest Month
Maximum Water Salinity
Mean Water Salinity
Minimum Water Salinity
Range of Water Salinity
Maximum Water Temperature of Warmest Month
Minimum Water Temperature of Coldest Month
Maximum Water Temperature
Mean Water Temperature
Minimum Water Temperature
Range of Water Temperature

Global Marine Surface Data, 2090-2100, RCP6

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

2090-2100

Long term average of maximum currents velocity
Long term average of minimum currents velocity
Maximum Currents Velocity
Mean Currents Velocity
Minimum Currents Velocity
Range of Currents Velocity
Long term average of maximum ice thickness
Long term average of minimum ice thickness
Maximum Ice Thickness
Mean Ice Thickness
Minimum Ice Thickness
Range of Ice Thickness
Maximum Water Salinity of Saltiest Month
Minimum Water Salinity of Freshest Month
Maximum Water Salinity
Mean Water Salinity
Minimum Water Salinity
Range of Water Salinity
Maximum Water Temperature of Warmest Month
Minimum Water Temperature of Coldest Month
Maximum Water Temperature
Mean Water Temperature
Minimum Water Temperature
Range of Water Temperature

Global Marine Surface Data, 2090-2100, RCP4.5

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

2090-2100

Long term average of maximum currents velocity
Long term average of minimum currents velocity
Maximum Currents Velocity
Mean Currents Velocity
Minimum Currents Velocity
Range of Currents Velocity
Long term average of maximum ice thickness
Long term average of minimum ice thickness
Maximum Ice Thickness
Mean Ice Thickness
Minimum Ice Thickness
Range of Ice Thickness
Maximum Water Salinity of Saltiest Month
Minimum Water Salinity of Freshest Month
Maximum Water Salinity
Mean Water Salinity
Minimum Water Salinity
Range of Water Salinity
Maximum Water Temperature of Warmest Month
Minimum Water Temperature of Coldest Month
Maximum Water Temperature
Mean Water Temperature
Minimum Water Temperature
Range of Water Temperature

Global Marine Surface Data, 2090-2100, RCP2.6

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

2090-2100

Long term average of maximum currents velocity
Long term average of minimum currents velocity
Maximum Currents Velocity
Mean Currents Velocity
Minimum Currents Velocity
Range of Currents Velocity
Long term average of maximum ice thickness
Long term average of minimum ice thickness
Maximum Ice Thickness
Mean Ice Thickness
Minimum Ice Thickness
Range of Ice Thickness
Maximum Water Salinity of Saltiest Month
Minimum Water Salinity of Freshest Month
Maximum Water Salinity
Mean Water Salinity
Minimum Water Salinity
Range of Water Salinity
Maximum Water Temperature of Warmest Month
Minimum Water Temperature of Coldest Month
Maximum Water Temperature
Mean Water Temperature
Minimum Water Temperature
Range of Water Temperature

Global Marine Surface Data, 2040-2050, RCP8.5

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

2040-2050

Long term average of maximum currents velocity
Long term average of minimum currents velocity
Maximum Currents Velocity
Mean Currents Velocity
Minimum Currents Velocity
Range of Currents Velocity
Long term average of maximum ice thickness
Long term average of minimum ice thickness
Maximum Ice Thickness
Mean Ice Thickness
Minimum Ice Thickness
Range of Ice Thickness
Maximum Water Salinity of Saltiest Month
Minimum Water Salinity of Freshest Month
Maximum Water Salinity
Mean Water Salinity
Minimum Water Salinity
Range of Water Salinity
Maximum Water Temperature of Warmest Month
Minimum Water Temperature of Coldest Month
Maximum Water Temperature
Mean Water Temperature
Minimum Water Temperature
Range of Water Temperature

Global Marine Surface Data, 2040-2050, RCP6

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

2040-2050

Long term average of maximum currents velocity
Long term average of minimum currents velocity
Maximum Currents Velocity
Mean Currents Velocity
Minimum Currents Velocity
Range of Currents Velocity
Long term average of maximum ice thickness
Long term average of minimum ice thickness
Maximum Ice Thickness
Mean Ice Thickness
Minimum Ice Thickness
Range of Ice Thickness
Maximum Water Salinity of Saltiest Month
Minimum Water Salinity of Freshest Month
Maximum Water Salinity
Mean Water Salinity
Minimum Water Salinity
Range of Water Salinity
Maximum Water Temperature of Warmest Month
Minimum Water Temperature of Coldest Month
Maximum Water Temperature
Mean Water Temperature
Minimum Water Temperature
Range of Water Temperature

Global Marine Surface Data, 2040-2050, RCP4.5

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

2040-2050

Long term average of maximum currents velocity
Long term average of minimum currents velocity
Maximum Currents Velocity
Mean Currents Velocity
Minimum Currents Velocity
Range of Currents Velocity
Long term average of maximum ice thickness
Long term average of minimum ice thickness
Maximum Ice Thickness
Mean Ice Thickness
Minimum Ice Thickness
Range of Ice Thickness
Maximum Water Salinity of Saltiest Month
Minimum Water Salinity of Freshest Month
Maximum Water Salinity
Mean Water Salinity
Minimum Water Salinity
Range of Water Salinity
Maximum Water Temperature of Warmest Month
Minimum Water Temperature of Coldest Month
Maximum Water Temperature
Mean Water Temperature
Minimum Water Temperature
Range of Water Temperature

Global Marine Surface Data, 2090-2100, RCP2.6

5 arcmin (~10 km)

Global

2040-2050

Long term average of maximum currents velocity
Long term average of minimum currents velocity
Maximum Currents Velocity
Mean Currents Velocity
Minimum Currents Velocity
Range of Currents Velocity
Long term average of maximum ice thickness
Long term average of minimum ice thickness
Maximum Ice Thickness
Mean Ice Thickness
Minimum Ice Thickness
Range of Ice Thickness
Maximum Water Salinity of Saltiest Month
Minimum Water Salinity of Freshest Month
Maximum Water Salinity
Mean Water Salinity
Minimum Water Salinity
Range of Water Salinity
Maximum Water Temperature of Warmest Month
Minimum Water Temperature of Coldest Month
Maximum Water Temperature
Mean Water Temperature
Minimum Water Temperature
Range of Water Temperature